Basic English Cocker Spaniel Dog Information

The English Cocker Spaniel is known to be a gun dog, the type of dog that originally assists in hunting, finding, and retrieving game, normally birds. It is an active, well-natured dog. It is well known for its compact built and its good withers stand. It closely resembles the American Cocker Spaniel, its American cousin.

General Information

The English Cocker Spaniel is a compact, medium-sized dog. Its head is arched and normally looks flattened a little when seen from the side. Its muzzle takes the same length as the head all in all, with a distinct stop. The nose color may be brown or black but it depends on the color of the coat. Its teeth meet in either a level or scissor bite. It has oval, medium sized eyes that are either dark brown in color or hazel colored in liver coated dogs. The ears hang low and long, covered with wavy or silky hair. It has straight front legs and a deep set chest. The topline slopes slightly from front to back, yet almost level. English Cocker Spaniel breeders normally have the tail docked, even though tail docking is illegal in numerous parts of Europe. Its cat-like feet are composed of tight arched toes.

Coat and Color

The hair is short and fine in the head and medium length in the body. Feathering is also present in the chest, ears, legs, and abdomen. Colors of the coat are normally solid black, red or liver. It may also have partial coloring of black and white as well as red or liver-colored markings. Various colors are acceptable, but in dogs with solid colors, white is only admissible in the chest. Tan markings in black coats, liver and parti-colored ones may also be possible. Depending on the length of hair, an English Cocker Spaniel may either be field or show type. The field has shorter coats than show types.


English Cocker Spaniel is a robust, sturdy, and intelligent dogs. It’s perky, lively, lovable, and pleasant. This dog excellent with children because it can be playful yet gentle. The dog is also willing to listen to its masters. Additionally, it is an average barker.

These cockers are considered as superior companions as well. They are outgoing and can socialize with strangers easily, but those without enough socialization might be reserved. These dogs are also great with family cats.

Both field and show types need adequate exercise but the field line needs more than usual. Level of dominance highly varies, even with puppies of the same litter. This breed is sensitive to the tone of voice and may not respond well to harsh training and discipline. They will also not listen if they feel that they are stronger willed than the owner. If one thinks that he is not firm yet calm, this may not be the right dog to own.

Common Health Problems

English Cocker Spaniel can be prone to ear infections. Its ears must be checked more often than usual during summer. Because the ears hang close to the ground, it may be infested with ticks or burr which may lead to deafness. English Cocker Spanielcan also gain weight easily, so it is a must to not overfeed. They are also prone to rage syndrome, the condition wherein the dog would suddenly attack savagely without any warning, with the dog seeming unaware of its surroundings. This syndrome is said to be an epileptic disorder that affects the emotion-related parts of the brain. Thus, although they are great with children, owners must also look after them constantly.

English Cocker Spaniel Grooming

Because of the length of their hair, English Cocker Spanielsneed regular brushing and combing. Dry shampoo or bathe them as necessary. Check their ears regularly for signs of infection, dirt, seeds, and other particles. Clean out excess ear wax as well. The hair must be brushed to the feet down and have it trimmed ad leveled with the base of the feet.

Other Basic Information:

  • Normal height and weight: Height: 15-17 inches (dog); 14-16 inches (bitch). Weight: 26-34 pounds
  • Life expectancy: 11 to 15 years
  • Litter size: average of six English Cocker Spaniel puppies

Basic American Cocker Spaniel Information

The American Cocker Spaniel is known as a breed of sporting dog, gun dog and spaniel type. It is closely related to its English cousin, the English Cocker Spaniel. In the United States, the breed is simply referred to as Cocker Spaniels. The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest sporting dog and is easily distinguished because of its distinctly shaped head.

General Description

The American Cocker Spaniel is a sturdy, medium sized dog. It has a rounded head with a distinct stop. The muzzle is deep and broad, with evenly squared jaws. The teeth meet at a scissors bite. The eyes of the American Cocker Spaniel are very round, dark, with eye rims slightly almond in shape. Meanwhile, Merle Cocker Spaniels may have blue eyes. Its low set, long ears are feathered well. Its legs are straight and the topline slightly slopes down from the front to the back. The tail is normally docked, but American Cocker Spaniel breeders must take note that docking is illegal in many parts of Europe. The dewclaws can also be removed.

Coat and Color

The coat of the American Cocker Spaniel is slightly wavy or flat, and silky. The hair is medium length in the body while fine and short in the head. Feathering is also present in the chest, ears, abdomen, and legs. The coat may come in any solid color such as black, which may also have tan points. It may also come in merle color with tan points as well. Parti color combinations are also possible. Parti color combinations may be white with red, white and black, or white with points of black and tan. The show line typically has longer coats than the field or working line.


This breed is absolutely equipped and suited to be a gundog, and is also great for being a household pet. They are cheerful, sweet and gentle. They are of average intelligence and they respect their master’s authority. They are charming, trustworthy and amusing, with a tail that would wag most of the time. They are devoted, playful and active but they must be socialized well because they tend to be shy upon growing up. A cocker that fully understands that it is inferior to a human is generally good with children. Although they are loving and can go along with everyone very well, they still need firm leadership in a calm manner. They also need daily exercise to keep them happy. However, they are harder to housebreak. They go along with other animals well when trained properly, though. These Cocker Spaniel dogs must not be allowed to develop the small dog syndrome wherein they feel that they are actually superior to humans and that they are the pack leader. Generally, it should not be treated as if it is a little human child. It must be understood by the dog that he is inferior to his master. Without proper training, the dog may develop aggressive guarding behavior, obsessive barking and hyperactivity, among other negative behaviors.

Common Health Problems

This breed is prone to developing cataracts, patellar luxation and glaucoma. Minor concerns include hip dysplasia, allergies, entropion, otitis externa, lip fold pyoderma, cardiomyopathy and liver disease. These cockers are also prone to IMHA or Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia, a considerably fast-acting, silent killer disease among American Cocker Spaniel dogs.


Regularly wiping under the eye is necessary as these dogs tend to tear. Brushing and combing is also a must as well as regular shampooing and bathing. Scissoring and clipping every quarter is also needed. Regular trimming is also required. They are average shedders, but the owner must be careful not to pull the silky hair out when combing.

Other Information

  • Normal height and weight: Height: 15 inches (Dog); 14 inches (Bitch); Weight: 15-30 pounds
  • Life expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Litter size: 1-7 puppies

Cocker Spaniel Puppy Guide

The cocker spaniel puppy is an instant darling to the public’s eyes because of its medium built and its fluffy and silky coat. Cocker spaniel puppies are extremely sweet dogs, whether they are black cocker spaniel puppies or chocolate cocker spaniel puppies. These medium-sized charmers come in different colors. The cocker spaniel comes in solid colors (white, black, tan, brown), solid color with tan parts, and parti-color combinations. They have round, expressive eyes. Cocker spaniels usually have dark brown eyes but some varieties can have blue eyes.

Perhaps, the most outstanding physical feature of the cocker spaniel puppy is the texture of its coat. No dog lover has ever contested this fact. Cocker spaniel puppies are lovely to touch and pet because their coats are silky. They have different coat lengths. The coat on the body is medium length but the ones on the face are short and fine. The cocker spaniel sheds like an average dog. However, it is a must to tend to its exquisite coat. You can take the cocker spaniel to the grooming station for a regular trim or for styling but there are also owners that love to see the puppy’s coat hanging down. The coat must be shampooed often. Detangling and brushing is a must. Cocker spaniel puppies have a delicate coat so be careful not to pull to hard. Other than that, observe regular canine grooming practices. Remember that cocker spaniels have the tendency to tear under the eye so wipe their eyes often.

Most people think that the cocker spaniel is only meant to be a toy dog because of its cute and toy-like appearance. However, this is one of the more deceiving breeds. Cocker spaniels were originally bred in the 14th century to serve has hunting-gun dogs. This task requires them to conquer wet and dry territories and retrieve game using their mouth. Flushing is also one of their abilities. The first breed of cocker spaniels was the English Cocker Spaniel. It was eventually brought to the United States. In 1983, the American Kennel Club recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as an official breed.

Nowadays, the cocker spaniel puppy is considered the ideal puppy for a young and growing family with children. The cocker spaniel is smart, agile, charming, and excellent with children. However, like all small dogs, the cocker spaniel might grow up thinking that it is a superior dog and may treat other dogs and some humans as inferior to them. Therefore, it is important for the master to establish a firm and stable master-dog relationship with their cocker spaniel puppy from its early years. The puppy has to recognize who is in charge to avoid any behavioral issues in the future.

When it comes to training, cocker spaniels generally don’t give humans a headache. They’re pretty intelligent, as long as you remain firm with your commands. They make excellent pets as they are sweet, loyal, and always ready to please their human master. Given their hunting nature, it’s essential for a cocker spaniel puppy to get its daily dose of exercise to satisfy its energy and stamina.

Cocker Spaniel Training Tips To Stop Bad Behavior

Cocker Spaniels can show bad behavior, especially those who are adopted as full-sized adults that have not gone through proper Cocker Spaniel training. While it can be worrying to find your dog showing signs of aggression, it is possible to correct the behavior as long as you’re willing to devote your time in Cocker Spaniel training. This article takes a look at some basic tips you can follow to get rid of your dog’s bad behavior.

Some of the tips you can follow in dog training a pet that shows signs of bad behavior are:

  • Show your dog who’s boss. Dogs are natural pack animals, which is why you need to assert your authority as the leader from the very beginning. That way, your pet will know that you are the one that he or she needs to obey and not the other way around.
  • Start your training as soon as possible. The longer you delay dog training, the more your pet will believe that his or her actions are acceptable. Get dog training started as soon as possible. You don’t have to do the big things at the beginning. Start small, such as clapping loudly whenever your dog attempts to bite to show that that type of behavior is not acceptable.
  • Be consistent. Make sure to impose all of the rules firmly. Dogs respond well to consistency, so if you’re going to train him or her to avoid doing certain behaviors, make sure to be consistent in letting him or her know that what he or she is doing is bad, instead of letting him or her get away with the behavior at some times but not in others. Take care not to yell or hurt your dog during dog training. One reason why pets, especially older ones, show bad behavior is because they haven’t been treated well in the past. As such, be firm but be patient during the entire process.

Try to train your dogs as early as possible to keep them from acting out when they are older. It will be more difficult in dog training older pets, so catching these bad behaviors while they’re puppies is the most effective way in toning down aggression. If need be, you can have your pet neutered or spayed to lessen your dog’s natural instinct to be territorial.

Even the most badly-behaved dogs can be trained to become less aggressive and more obedient, as long as their owners show them proper love and patience when it comes to Cocker Spaniel training. The important thing is for you to be patient throughout the process, especially since it can take a while to weed out bad behavior completely.

Cocker Spaniel Puppy Training

Cocker Spaniel puppies are quite fun to care for, but you should administer proper training at an early age to ensure that they grow up well behaved. Because Cocker Spaniels would tend to have an active and aggressive nature, you would need to work on such traits to ensure that they will be well behaved by the time they reach adulthood.

Cocker Spaniel Puppy Training: How to Start Their Training

The younger the puppies are, the easier it will be to train them. One of the basic things that people should start with is to get them potty trained. Because dogs will carry habits into adulthood if not reinforced while they were young, you must start with taking the dog on a familiar area on your lawn or home.

When they recognize the smell of their urine, as well as their feces, it will make it comfortable for them to come back to the place when they need to go potty. Frequently take them to the place, and watch for signs that will show that they need to go potty so you can take them to these areas when needed.

Cocker Spaniel puppy training should also include leash training, which is considered essential. It will help you take your Cocker Spaniel out in public without them misbehaving. You have to provide positive reinforcement though, as Cocker Spaniels are quite sensitive. You should reward them most of the time, and let them see that it is not something negative to be leashed.

You should also take you Cocker Spaniel puppy out every time you have the chance. Because Cocker Spaniels are very sociable creatures, they would often seek out attention of people, and will be quite energetic and active. Taking them out will help keep their restlessness away, and will definitely help them get the exercise that they need to maintain their health and allow for them to sleep well at night.

It is also part of Cocker Spaniel puppy training to take them out to public places, because it helps them become familiarized with certain strange places and people. Because Cocker Spaniels have a tendency to be cautious when meeting strangers, it will do best for you, your household, and even guests, to have a Cocker Spaniel that is trained to deal with people, old and new. They will be friendlier, and will be more fun to be with whether at home or out of the house.

Cocker Spaniel Puppies – 4 Important Things To Know

Cocker spaniel puppies are cute, cuddly and are certainly appealing even when they grow up. This has been the driving force behind the increase in demands for both American and English cocker spaniel puppies.

These American cocker spaniel puppies for sale are usually sold online as well in pet stores where the necessary booster shots and paper works have also been filed. Through the years though, people have considered getting cocker spaniels puppies through the stores or trusted and reputable spaniel breeders both local and international.

There are a lot of people who go and get cocker spaniel puppies for one reason or another. May it be because they are looking for a loyal companion or as a mate for their other cocker spaniels. Pet owners however should really do their homework and research about the cocker spaniel breed before going out of their way and getting them. Here are some of the things that a responsible pet owner and dog lover should know about these gentle animals.

  1. Train your dog to avoid Small Dog Syndrome – The small dog syndrome is when cocker spaniel puppies become so obsessed with being pleased that they feel like they should come first before their masters. It is important for dog owners interested in getting cocker spaniel puppies to really draw the line on who is boss at a young age to avoid raising a cocker spaniel that acts like a prima donna. Train cocker spaniel puppies for sale is also a good idea because it will help develop good natured puppies who does not become shy when there is somebody new visiting.


  2. Exercise is key – Aside from the emotional aspect of raising cocker spaniel puppies it is also important to help keep these puppies and even full grown cocker spaniel dogs healthy physically. That is why veterinarians suggest people who have bigger open spaces such as a backyard to get these dog breeds because they still require exercise activities such as running around the backyard. Another good way of enjoying the company of this type of dog or puppy is by playing fetch with them. This keeps both you and the cocker spaniel puppy in a healthy condition.


  3. Visit the vet regularly – Just like any other dog breed, it is important for cocker spaniel owners to bring their pets to see the veterinarian on a regular basis. A good number of visit per month is 2 to 4. Spaniels are healthy bunch of dogs but it is important that they be checked for all sorts of diseases so that they get to live longer.


  4. Know which type of American cocker spaniel you’ll want to get – There are two types of American cocker spaniel puppies for sale in the market today. There are the field lines and the show lines. For people who are interested in joining dog shows with the help of their pet cockers, it would be important that you get a show line type of cocker spaniel.

How to Train Cocker Spaniels

Cocker spaniel training is an essential matter. Raising your dog to behave well should always be prioritized by people who love having such animals as part of the family. As cocker spaniels prove to be quite a good choice when it comes to dog breeds, it makes for an easy task to put them up for training.

While it is often recommended to start the process with cocker spaniel puppies, there are ways that you can administer cocker spaniel training even if they have reached adulthood. It pays well to let your favorite dog undergo such, as they will learn the basics on how to behave properly, whether with you and with your family or in settings where there will be guests and strangers around your cocker spaniel.

How to Train Cocker Spaniels

Most cocker spaniel training tips would advise you to start training the dog at a very young age. The best way to do so is to expose you puppy in different kinds of setting with different kinds of people. As cocker spaniels are basically active and aggressive dogs, it pays to familiarize them with different places and people. You should take them out a lot, which will basically help them be at ease no matter what the situation or setting may be, and what kind of people they may encounter. These will basically train them to expect that there can be strangers anytime in your home, so they will know how to deal appropriately with this type of situation.

Being sporty dogs, cocker spaniel training will also touch on keeping them up and about almost all of the time. Because they are basically built to hunt and engage in a lot of activities that require active movement, your cocker spaniel will end up being restless and noisy when you keep them just cooped up at home. Most of the time, people will work to getting their yards fenced, and will work on getting cocker spaniel training that will involve crate training. This might raise some eyebrows, but it is generally essential.

Though it is not often advised, keeping them cooped up in a home of their own can be seen as a difficult task. Just make sure you keep them out of such homes like cages most of the time, and they will not see it as a hindrance or an act of cruelty. When learning how to train Cocker Spaniels you will quickly discover crate training is very important. It will also allow you to conveniently take them out travelling, which will keep them behaved in their cages while you are driving about.

Leash training is also part of cocker spaniel training and should be done at a young age. Because you would like to take your dog out for a walk and for exercise most of the time, it pays to get them to learn such at an early stage of their life. It would make for quite a behaved cocker spaniel when you manage to do such, and will help lessen instances of tugging when your dog grows up to be big and difficult to control.

Potty training should also be seen when it comes to cocker spaniel training. Signs that would show your puppy’s need to go potty would be erratic behavior, such as going around in circles or sniffing spots on where they can let loose. You should train them in a positive manner, since cocker spaniels are very sensitive puppies. Use rewards, and praise them if they manage to start learning where they can potty. This will encourage them to repeat the act properly, ensuring that you have been successful with potty training your beloved canine.

Tips and Tricks for Training a Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels are known for their energy and their intelligence. When it comes to training a Cocker Spaniel, the key is to keep them physically and mentally stimulated, so that even at a young age, they’ll develop a love for the challenges that training provides. In terms of the ease/difficulty of training, this breed is probably one of the easiest to train, and that’s because they’re very intelligent and can easily pick up commands. Just like other puppies, Cocker Spaniels are very inquisitive and energetic, so they’re willing to try out new things. This plays to your advantage when you are training a Cocker Spaniel because you won’t find it hard to introduce a new behavior or a new trick that they should learn. If you want to learn more about training a Cocker Spaniel, just read through this article and find out.

Reward versus Punishment

When it comes to training a Cocker Spaniel, the best way to go is with positive rewards for your training methods. They don’t respond well with punishment (just like other dogs, especially when they are still puppies) because they might end up not picking up the behavior because of their fear of the punishment that you employ. The best way is to base your training on positive reward like treats or toys, and the effectiveness of instilling a good behavior or a successful trick is to be consistent with your methods. Repetition is also a key to a new behavior, so you really need to be patient when you are training a Cocker Spaniel. Expect that in every training session, you’d have to repeat it a lot of times (just putting a number to it would already be an understatement.) Be patient, because the more you repeat it and the more you’re consistent with you actions, the easier the Cocker Spaniel would learn. If the puppy successfully executes the right behavior, immediately reward them with a treat or a toy so that they’ll be able to associate their action with something good. After that, repeat again and hope that the puppy will pick up on the behavior immediately.

No bullying

Don’t attempt to bully the Cocker Spaniel into doing whatever it is that you want them to do. Don’t shout or hit them when they’re not picking up on the behavior after 10 or 20 tries. Instead of learning, they would just resent training, and it would be harder for you to impart the behavior that you want for them. They are a sensitive breed, so with constant punishment, they would just lose confidence and just go into a defensive/withdrawn mode.

Training a Cocker Spaniel with the methods tips and techniques mentioned above would really be effective when you’re aiming to house train or leash train your pet. Once you’ve finished with these essential lessons, you can now train them to do basic commands such as sit, stay, heel, and come, among others. After that, you can try and train them with complex behaviors/actions like tricks, agility training, hunting, tracking, and a lot more.


Training A Cocker Spaniel?

Training a Cocker Spaniel: Physical Description and Temperament

It’s very important to be truly acquainted with your cocker spaniel if you want to train it properly and effectively. The cocker spaniel is one of the many spaniel breeds that came from Spain. Spaniels have different sizes but basically, all spaniels were bred for hunting.  The cocker spaniel stood out from the rest because it is the smallest. The cocker spaniel is very efficient in retrieving small game.

The cocker spaniel easily wins anyone’s heart with its expressive dark eyes, big ears, and fluffy coat. The cocker spaniels standout feature is its double coat. The cocker spaniel has short and straight fur on the body while the fur around the facial area, especially the ears, is curly and thick. The cocker spaniel’s fur needs to be groomed regularly because it sheds.

The cocker spaniel may be the smallest spaniel variety but don’t be fooled by its size. It’s strong and very athletic. The cocker spaniel is full of energy and life. They’re warm, affectionate, loyal, and gentle. It’s no surprise why families are comfortable getting cocker spaniels for children. Cocker spaniels always welcome a good game of fetch or any active exercise. The cocker spaniel is of average intelligence. Training a cocker spaniel will not be a total burden because this dog loves to please its owner. However, their energy may easily distract them. Here are 3 important guidelines to keep in mind during training.

The Importance of Positive Reinforcements

Cocker spaniels never respond well to screaming, spanking, and scolding. The cocker spaniel loves to please its master and negative behavior on the trainers end will just encourage aggression or unreasonable shyness. After every display of good behavior from the cocker spaniel, give it a treat and a verbal praise. Don’t forget to show physical affection, like a pat on the head or stroking its neck. If it threatens to misbehave, pull the leash firmly but gently. Establish authority without being a tyrant.  

Training a Cocker Spaniel: Crate Training

It is in the dog’s nature to seek refuge in an enclosed space. They tend not to excrete their wastes in their refuge, making crate training a very effective method in house training. In crate training, you keep the cocker spaniel inside an enclosed space for a short while to avoid soiling the crate. Afterwards, you take them to an appropriate spot where they can pee or defecate. Crate training must be done carefully. Don’t keep them inside too long, because they may not be able to hold it in for too long. If you’re going to start the cocker spaniel at a young age, which is strongly encouraged, you can keep the puppy inside for 30-45 minutes.

Agility Exercises and Outdoor Activities

The cocker spaniel is naturally energetic. Part of the training should also teach the cocker spaniel how to channel its energy properly. In the process of obedience training, you may want to engage it in some physical activities and agility exercises so it can release its energy. The key is keeping their minds and body busy and showing them that they are capable of doing a lot of things. This will produce a physically, emotionally, and mentally healthy cocker spaniel because it knows that it can please its master.

Breeding Cocker Spaniel Dogs

Are you thinking about what dog breed would suit well to your kind of lifestyle? There are numerous dog breeds out there, but none of them can bring the special kind of joy that cocker spaniel dogs can bring. Known mostly as fashion show dogs, they have one of the more elegant looks that you will find from any breed. Their fur color can range from shining black to light brown. But whatever you wish to choose, they will still bear the same kinds of personalities. Cocker spaniels are known mostly to win dog shows. But as companions in the house, not a lot of people give some thought to what they can provide. Cocker spaniels, for all their worthy glamour, are one of the more loyal dog breeds out there. If one intends to take care and breed cocker spaniel, they have to be hands on every step of the way. Unlike any other dogs, the cocker spaniels puppy age is as important as the day that you bought her from the breeder.

Puppy Stage is an Important Phase

Nobody should value the puppy stage more than you do. As an owner, it is your duty to keep the dog socialized at all times especially when its young. Cocker Spaniels are obvious very social dogs. They are trained to be loyal to their owners and breeders. So in this case, have them come in contact with as many people as possible. If you have guests, show your dog to them. You will find that your Cocker Spaniel is quite reactive to the people around him. This is only proper, as they need to get used to having such attention being focused on them. Dont play aggressive games with your dog, as this will only entertain some part of their personality, which you do not want to see. It is also important that you keep it close to you when sleeping. If it is possible, let them sleep with you in bed.

Keep One Eye Open while the Other One Closed

Though it is important that you keep your dog within the fences of your house, you still have to give it enough room to roam around. In this case, having them around for your kids to play with would be a great thing. Cocker Spaniels are naturally quite active, so it would help if you keep it that way.

Fur has to be Trimmed

Having a cocker spaniel requires a lot of grooming. You dont have to give it the same treatment as a dog whose about to enter a show. Just give it enough attention so that its fur will not grow too long or unmanaged. Going to the saloon is for those who have the money to afford such. But if you want to keep it cheap, you can do the trimming yourself. Its not that difficult really. You just have to keep it neat and tidy enough for everyone to look at.